Information for Authors

Scope of the Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology

Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology (AJAB) is a peer reviewed multi-disciplinary publication scheduled to appear quarterly serving as a means for scientific information exchange in international and national forum. The scope encompasses all disciplines in environmental, plant and animal sciences. All manuscripts are evaluated for their scientific content and significance by the Managing Editor and at least two independent reviewers. All submitted manuscripts should contain unpublished original research which should not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. In order to avoid unnecessary delay in publication, authors are requested to comply the guidelines; differing these, your submission will be returned for additional revision. Please note that articles published in AJAB are open access articles published under Creative Commons CC BY 3.0 License ( This license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Online Submission and Peer Review

Authors should ensure that papers conform to the scientific and style instructions as given below. Please note that Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology follows double blind peer review. Manuscript should be submitted online through our new website using OJS ( If you face any problem while online submission of your manuscript, please feel free to contact our Technical Editor Mr. Muhammad Laiq Khan at his email:


Types of Manuscripts

Articles are comprehensive accounts of significant experimental or theoretical results, authors are asked to write their manuscripts in a clear and concise manner and to include only data crucial to arriving at their final conclusions.

Communications are preliminary reports limited to approximately 1,500 words (including tables, figures and references). They must be of sufficient importance and general interest to justify accelerated publication.

Reviews and mini-reviews are by invitation only. Authors interested in preparing a review article should provide a brief outline to the Managing Editor requesting an invitation to submit a manuscript.


Structure of Article

All manuscripts should be in English and written only on one side of A4 paper spacing on 8½ x 11”(21.5cm x 28.0 cm) white paper with one inch (2.5 cms) margin on all sides, pages should be numbered continuously. It should not exceed 15 pages, excluding tables, references and 1-4 figures. There should be no more than 45 refer­ences in an original article (no more than 100 in a review article). Brief reports contain less scientific data than the original articles and should not have more than one figure and/or table. The original manuscript should include the original inked drawings or photographs of structural formulas for direct use.


Submit your text in MS Word format. Do not embed figures or tables in this document; these should be submitted as separate files.


Tables should be created with a word processor, on separate pages and saved as one file in DOC format.


To ensure the highest print quality, figures must be submitted in TIF format according to the following minimum resolutions:

•  1200 dpi for black and white line art (simple bar graphs, charts, etc.)

•  300 dpi for halftones (black and white photographs)

•  600 dpi for combination halftones (photographs that also contain line art such as labeling or thin lines). Figures should be saved as individual files. Vector-based figures (e.g. figures created in Adobe Illustrator) should be submitted in EPS format.

Unacceptable figure formats GIF, PSD, CRD, PCT, PPT, PDF, XLS, DOC, BMP, 123 (or other Lotus formats).


Title Page

The title page should include the name, complete address, phone number, fax number, and e-mail address of corresponding author. The title should be concise and informative. Include common name or the scientific name, but not both of the subject. Affiliation line includes a complete address. If appropriate, designate current addresses for all authors by numbered footnotes (superscripted numbers) placed at the bottom of the title page.Example:

1Department of Entomology, University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Include all authors' names below the title. Footnote numbers are placed outside commas in multi-authored articles. The transmittal letter should designate one corresponding author indicated by a superscript *(e.g., Iqbal*). Also give his/her complete address for postal and e-mail purpose.



An abstract should be concise (100-250 words) self-contained summary, should include the background/ objective, purpose of the study (including its statistical significance), methods, results, and conclusion sections separately.



For indexing purposes each submitted article should include three to five key words. In addition to facilitating indexing of articles, our keyword system assists in the assignment of qualified reviewers for your manuscript.



Standard abbreviations should be used without periods throughout the manuscript. All nonstandard abbreviations should be kept to a minimum and must be defined in the text following their first use.


Experimental Section

The experimental procedures should be described in sufficient detail to enable others to repeat the experiments. Names of products and manufacturers should be included only if alternate sources are deemed unsatisfactory. Novel experimental procedures should be described in detail, but published procedures should merely be referred to by literature citation of both the original and any published modifications. The purity of key compounds and descriptions(s) of the method(s) used to determine purity should be included in this section.

Manuscripts containing data generated from animal and/or human studies must specify the committee and the institution that approved the experimental protocols used to generate these data.



Concise tables and figures should be designed to maximize the presentation and comprehension of the experimental data. The same data should not be presented in more than one figure or in both a figure and a table. As a rule, interpretation of the results should be reserved for the discussion section of an article, but under some circumstances it may be desirable to combine results and discussion in a single section.



The purpose of the discussion is to interpret the results and to relate them to existing knowledge in the field in as clear and brief a fashion as possible. Information given elsewhere in the manuscript should not be repeated in the discussion. Extensive reviews of the literature should be avoided.



References should be assembled al­phabetically on a separate sheet. In the text, they should be referred by name and year (Harvard system). When referring to more than one paper of a same author and same year, the alphabets a, b, c, etc. should be placed next to the year of publication. In the text, when referring to a work by sole author, the name of author should be given like (Robinson, 2011) and (Robinson, 2011; Jeong, 2012). When referring to a work by two authors, the name of authors should be given like (Robinson and Jeong, 2012). When more than two authors, the name of the first author should be given followed by et al. such as (Robinson et al., 2012). Literature references must consist of names and initials of all authors, title of the paper referred to, abbreviated title of the journal, the volume, and page numbers of the paper. List submitted manuscripts as "in press" only if formally accepted for publication; otherwise, use "unpublished results" after the names of authors. The style and punctuation of the references should confirm with the following examples:

Journal Articles

Evans MA, 2012. Article title: subtitle (begin with lowercase after colon or dash unless first word is a proper noun). J. Abbr. 00:000–000.

Evans MA, 2011a. Title. J. Abbr. 00: 000–000.

Evans MA, 2011b. Title. J. Abbr. 00: 000–000.

Evans MA and Burns R, 2012. Title. J. Abbr. 00: 000–000.

Evans MA, Tyler A and Munro HH, 2010. Title. J. Abbr. 00: 000–000.

In Press          

Evans MA, 2012. Title. Asian J. Agri. Biolog. (in press).



Burns R, 2011. Title: Subtitle. Publisher, City, State.

Evans MA, 2011. Colorado potato beetle, 2nd ed. Publisher, City, State or Country.

Tyler A, 2013. Western corn rootworm, vol. 2. Publisher, City, State or Country.


Article/Chapter in Book

Tyler A, 2011. Article or chapter title, pp. 000–000. In T.A.J. Royer and R. B. Burns (eds.), Book title. Publisher, City, State or Country.

Tyler A, Smith RST and Brown H, 2011. Onion thrips control, pp. 178–195. In R. S. Green and P. W. White (eds.), Book title, vol. 13. Entomological Society of America, Lanham, MD.


No Author Given

(USDA) United States Department of Agriculture, 2011. Title. USDA, Beltsville, MD.

(IRRI) International Rice Research Institute, 2013. Title. IRRI, City, State or Country.



Harred JF, Knight AR and McIntyre JS, inventors; Dow Chemical Company, assignee. 1972 Apr 4. Epoxidation process. U.S. patent 3,654,317.



Martin PD, Kuhlman J and Moore S, 2011. Yield effects of European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) feeding, pp. 345–356. In Proceedings, 19th Illinois Cooperative Extension Service Spray School, 24–27 June 2011, Chicago, IL. Publisher, City, State.

Rossignol PA, 2012. Parasite modification of mosquito probing behavior, pp. 25–28. In T. W. Scott and J. Grumstrup-Scott (eds.), Proceedings, Symposium: the Role of Vector-Host Interactions in Disease Transmission. National Conference of the Entomological Society of America, 10 December 2012, Hollywood, FL. Miscellaneous Publication 68. Entomological Society of America, Lanham, MD.



James H, 2010. Thesis or dissertation title. M.S. thesis or Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.



SAS Institute, 2011. PROC user's manual, version 6th ed. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.


URL Citations

Reisen W, 2012. Title. Complete URL (protocol://



This section should acknowledge financial support, technical assistance, advice from colleagues, gifts, etc. Permission must be received from persons whose contribution to the work is acknowledged in the manuscript.


Spectral Data

It may be desirable to include such data for representative compounds in a series, for novel classes of compounds, and in structural determinations. Usually, it is not desirable to include routine spectral data for every compound in the manuscript. Papers where interpretations of spectra are critical to structural elucidation and those in which band shape or fine structure needs to be illustrated may be published with spectra included. When such presentations are deemed essential, only pertinent sections should be reproduced.


Biological Data

Biological test methods must be referenced or described in sufficient detail to permit the experiments to be repeated by others, detailed descriptions of methods should be placed in the experimental procedures section. Data may be presented as numerical expressions or in graphical form, statistical limits (statistical significance) are usually required, if these cannot be provided, the number of determinations and some indication of the variability and reliability of the results should be given and references of calculation should be included. Doses and concentrations should be expressed as molar quantities (e.g., mmol/kg, mM) when comparisons of potencies are made on compounds having large differences in molecular weights. The routes of administration of test compounds and vehicles used should be indicated.



Tabulation of experimental results is encouraged when this leads to more effective presentation or to more economical use of space, tables should be numbered consecutively with arabic numerals with a brief title and a brief heading for each column. Clearly indicate the units of measure (preferably SI). Explanatory material referring to the whole table is to be included as a footnote to the title which should be given lower case letter designations and cited in the tables as italicized superscripts.



Electronic submission of illustrations is encouraged, preferred formats for graphics and artwork are TIFF (tagged image file format) and EPS (Encapsulated PostScript). If not submitted electronically, the chemical structures, graphs, photographs, or other illustrations you send with your paper will be scanned into the journal page using a digital scanner. The scanner is very sensitive; it will faithfully copy all flaws such as smudges, uneven lines, incomplete erasures, etc.


Chemical structures

Structures should be produced with the use of a drawing program such as ChemDraw. Authors using the current versions of ChemDraw, ChemIntosh, and ChemWindows will find the necessary parameters incorporated into these programs ("JOC Document" under the Windows menus for ChemDraw and "Reduce 60% for JOC Style" under the Options menu for ChemIntosh/ChemWindows). In ChemDraw version 4.5, files should be saved in TIFF format to allow use of electronic files in production (see journal home page "Information for Authors" for further guidelines).

The chemical names for drugs should be used. If the terminology is unwieldy, nonproprietary names of drugs may be used throughout the manuscript after the first mention and identification. Formally adopted nonproprietary names listed in USAN, INN or approved by the World Health Organization, should be used. Trade names and laboratory codes should not be used except as additional information.


Proofs and reprints

Proofs are sent to the corresponding author of the papers. Corresponding author is directed to request for proofs through e-mail. Proofs should be verified against the manuscript and appropriate corrections made. Substantial changes in a manuscript after type has been set require editorial approval and in some cases may be cause for re-reviewing. Orders can be made for reprints to the editorial office on subscription. 



If errors of consequence are found in the published paper, correction should be sent by the author to the Managing Editor. Authors are responsible for all statements made in their work and for the accuracy of the bibliographic information. The right is reserved to incorporate any change deemed necessary by the editorial board to make contributions harmonize with the editorial standards of the journal.


Publication charges

The author will pay PKR 3000 (USD 150 for foreign publication) as publication charges after the manuscript is reviewed by AJAB reviewers and found suitable for publication.

The author will pay PKR 1000 (USD 20 for foreign publication) for every extra page for the article exceeding 15 pages limit. There are no processing charges for submitted articles.