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Volume 4, Issue 3      July - September, 2016

SEASONAL HONEY POLLEN COMPOSITION IN THE SOUDANO-GUINEAN HIGHLAND ZONE OF CAMEROON
 

D. Dongock Nguemo 1*, J. Tchoumboue 2 and E. Youmbi 3

1Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere,Ngaoundere- Cameroon

2Department of Zootechny, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultura Sciences, University of Dschang, Cameroon

3Department of Plant Biology & Physiology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Yaounde I. Yaounde, Cameroon

 

 ABSTRACT 

 

In order to assess the influence of seasons on the exploitation of mellliferous plants by Apis mellifera adansonii, seasonal pollen spectra of 104 honey samples collected between  September 2010 and March 2011  in the Highlands area of west Cameroon (LN 5°21.459–5°35.449 and LE 10°04.729–10°26.249) were analysed using melissopalynology methods. The aim was to evaluate the influence of seasons on the exploitation of melliferous plants by A. mellifera adansonii. The spectrum of bee-plants exploited during the rainy season was large and diversified compared to the dry season. Asteraceae and Caesalpiniaceae were the most represented families for the dry and the rainy seasons, respectively. Asteraceae was also the most represented family in the two seasons. The spontaneous Eucalyptus saligna and Terminalia mantaly were much foraged during the two seasons. Flowers of herbs were highly exploited in both the seasons and white colour flowers were frequently foraged. Honey of rainy season was more diversified with four distinguished colours. Predominant and important minor was significantly higher in rainy season compared to the dry season. The frequency of pollen in honey varied considerably with seasons and availability of blooming vegetation exploited by honeybees. Irrespective of vegetation diversity with seasonal variation, honeybee visits were very specific to some plants species.

Keywords: melliferous plants, season, biological characteristic, honey colour, Cameroon

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