Online First      Online First

Screening of promising sugarcane genotypes in relation to agroecological conditions of Tandojam district of Sindh, Pakistan

Wajid Ali Hisbani1, Shahbaz Khan2*, Muhammad Mahamood-ur-Rahman Jamro3, Nisar Ahmad Soomro4, Babar Hafeez5, Danish Ibrar6, Afroz Rais7, Safia Gul7, Sohail Irshad8, Mehjabeen Hameed7

1Sugarcane Research Institute, Agriculture Center, Tandojam, Pakistan

2Colorado Water Center, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA

3Department of Agronomy, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Agricultural College Dokri, Larkana, Pakistan

4Water & Agricultural Waste Management Institute, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Tandojam, Pakistan

5Soil Fertility Research Institute, Tandojam, Pakistan

6Crop Science Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan

7Department of Botany, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women’s University, Quetta, Pakistan

8Department of Agronomy, MNS-University of Agriculture, Multan, Pakistan


Worldwide, sugarcane is the major sugar-producing crop and the sugar industry ranks second largest industry of Pakistan. Field experiments were conducted during the sugarcane cultivation seasons of 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 at Sugarcane Research Institute, Tandojam, Pakistan. Seventeen sugarcane genotypes (G1 to G17) were studied to select potential genotypes having better agronomic and quality performances. Results of both studied years indicated that the maximum sprouting (66%) was noted by G1 followed by G8 (64%) in the first season, while G10 recorded the highest sprouting of 62.66% in the second year. The lengthiest cane length of 3 and 2.7 m was observed by G1 in two consecutive seasons, respectively. The maximum number of nodes was recorded in G15 (29.67) and G12 (40.67) in the 1st and 2nd years of study, respectively. Regarding cane girth, G1, during the first of study, while G1 and G2 performed better in the second year of study. With respect to quality attributes of studied genotypes, the highest brix percentage (23.66 and 23.62) was recorded by G13 and G12 in the first season. In the case of second year, the maximum brix percentage of 23.77 and 23.63 was recorded by G11 and G4, respectively. The highest cane yield of 126.33 t ha-1 was recorded by G1 in the first season, and in the next season, both G1 (138.6 ha-1) and G2 (124.6 t ha-1) produced the maximum cane yield. Among the tested genotypes, G1, G2, G4, G11, G12, and G13 were observed as promising genotypes with the best potential for yield and quality attributes to fulfill the needs of growers and industry.


Keywords: Climate, Genotypes, Growth, Performance, Quality, Sugarcane, Yield

Download PDF

Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology © 2013  
Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology is licensed under