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Volume 8, Issue 3      July - September, 2020
https://doi.org/10.35495/ajab.2019.07.325

Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of bacteria isolated from Beni-Guil lamb carcasses in eastern Morocco
 

Belhaj Kamal1*, Farid Mansouri2, Darouiche Oumaima3, Khamri Mohamed3, Chaouki Belbachir3,4, Elamrani Ahmed1

1Laboratory for Agricultural Productions Improvement, Biotechnology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences, University Mohammed First, BP-717, 60000 Oujda, Morocco

1,2Laboratory of Biochemistry, National Agency of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, BP-159, 34000 Taounate, Morocco

3Regional Laboratory of Analysis and Research, National Office for Food Safety, BP 73, 60000 Oujda, Morocco

4Laboratory of Applied Chemistry and Environment, Faculty of Science, University Mohammed First, BP-717, 60000 Oujda, Morocco

Abstract

This study aims to assess the microbial quality and antimicrobial resistance of bacteria isolated from Beni-Guil lamb carcasses. 103 samples were used for the study. The mean values obtained for microbial quality were 4.65, 3.07, 1.26, 0.99 and 0.69 (log10 CFU/cm2), respectively for total aerobic Flora counts, Enterobacteriaceae, fecal coliform, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus.70% of tested Escherichia coli strains were resistant to gentamicin and ciprofloxacin, as for Staphylococcus aureus, 100% of strains tested were resistant to ciprofloxacin and sensitive to erythromycin. Regarding gentamicin and benzylpenicillin, 70 % and 60% of Staphylococcus aureus strains were resistant, respectively.                                               

Keywords: Beni-Guil sheep, Carcass, Microbial quality, Antimicrobial resistance

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