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2022 (1)      January - March, 2022
https://doi.org/10.35495/ajab.2020.12.575

Isolation and characterization of novel Rhodobacter spp. with the sodium removal ability from mangrove forest sediment in Southeast Vietnam
 

Ngo Duc Duy1,2*, Duong Thi Hong Dao1,2, Nguyen Hoang Dung1,2, Vu Thi Tuyet Nhung1, Pham Anh Vu1, Le Quynh Loan1, Huynh Thi Diep1, Pham Thanh Luu1,2, Hoang Quoc Khanh1,2

1Institute of Tropical Biology, Vietnam Academy of Sciences and Technology, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam

2Graduate University of Sciences and Technology, Vietnam Academy of Sciences and Technology, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam

Abstract

Salt contamination is one of the major problems of agricultural land. It is important to find new bacteria with sodium removal ability, which can be used to reduce salts from soils. This study aims to isolate and characterize the novel Rhodobacter spp. with the sodium removal ability from mangrove forest sediment in Southeast Vietnam. After screening of morphological characteristics of the cell size, shape, and presence of protrusions, seven strains were identified. The results also showed that these strains were able to reduce NaCl from Glutamate-malate medium (GM). The concentration of NaCl decreased from 28.57% to 36.42% for the treatment with 25 ppm NaCl after 14 days of incubation. However, in the 35ppm NaCl concentration was absorb proficiency of decrease by approximately 5% compare with the 25 ppm NaCl concentration. The gene sequences of the 16S rDNA and puMf gene regions of the isolated strains shared high similarities with genus Rhodobacter, which were identified as Rhodobacter sphaeroides and Rhodobacter johrii. Our results showed a high diversity in the isolated strains belonging to the Rhodobacter species with sodium absorption ability. This study suggests the possibility of using isolated Rhodobacter strains to remove salinity from soils.

Keywords: Collection, Mangrove forest, Salinity, Reduce, Rhodobacter spp.

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