Volume 7, Issue 4      October - December, 2019

Evaluation of genotypic behavior of maize under normal and salt affected soils

Hafiz Muhammad Ali Raza1, Muhammad Saqib1, Saeed Ahmad2, Sohail Irshad2*, Shahbaz Khan3, Ali Bukhsh4, Muhammad Ashfaq Wahid5, Muhammad Iftikhar Bashir2

1Institute of Soil and Environmental Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan

2In-service Agricultural Training Institute, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan

3Department of Agronomy, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan

4Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan

5Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan


Soil salinity is one of the serious problems which posing severe threat to ecosystems under different environmental conditions throughout the world. Salinity is drastically affecting the productivity of agronomic crops particularly maize. Maize grain, being a rich source of protein, is a quality food for humans and healthy green fodder for animals. Experiment under randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four repetitions was conducted at Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences (non-saline soil) and Proka Research Farm (saline soil), University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. Two maize genotypes (EV-78 and KS-64) were selected for their comparative performance under salt-affected and normal soil conditions. Physiological, growth and yield parameters of maize genotypes were significantly influenced under salt affected and normal soils. Under saline conditions, genotype EV-78 showed tolerant behavior as compared to genotype KS-64 because genotype EV-78 produced higher shoot fresh and dry weights, 100-grain weight and grain yield per hectare. Physiological parameters including photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, sub-stomatal CO2 concentration and stomatal conductance were also less affected in genotype EV-78 under saline soil conditions. Under non-saline soil condition, genotype EV-78 accumulated more potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen whereas concentrations of sodium and chloride were reduced. While genotype EV-78 accumulated higher concentrations of sodium and chloride under saline soil conditions. Genotype KS-64 showed more sensitive behavior to saline environment regarding economical yield.

Keywords: Salinity, Maize, Mineral nutrients, Stomatal conductance, Yield

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