Volume 5, Issue 1      January - March, 2017

Epidemiological analysis and economic impact assessment of foot-and-mouth disease at Landhi dairy colony Karachi
Umer Farooq1*, Khalid Naeem2, Aamer Bin Zahur3, Muhammad Azeem Khan4, Umer Sidique5 and Subhan Qureshi6
1,2,3 Department of Animal Genomics and Biotechnology, PARC Institute of Advanced Studies in Agriculture (PIASA)
1,2,3,4 National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad. 45500.
5,6 Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
Epidemiology of a foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) was studied at Landhi Dairy Colony (LDC), Karachi, Pakistan and its economic impact was assessed. Of 4528 buffaloes surveyed, 3.6% animals were infected with FMD. The causative agent was confirmed from the clinical samples by indirect sandwich ELISA. The estimated milk loss was 307.8 liters per animal in 45 days. The total damage due to FMD in sampled buffaloes was found to be Rs. 6.7 million and extrapolated price for entire animal population at Landhi Dairy Colohy (LDC) and Karachi was Rs. 290.8 and Rs. 1454.4 million, respectively. The present study indicated that FMD is prevalent in dairy animals at Landhi Cattle Colony, Karachi causing huge economic looses to the farmers. An effective control strategy with a focus on education of farmers regarding proper husbandry practices and use of efficient FMD vaccination strategy may be helpful in reducing the burden of diseases.
Keywords: Foot-and-mouth disease, epidemiology, Landhi Dairy Colony, economic impact.
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