Archive
 
Volume 6, Issue 1      January - March, 2018

Effects of water stress on growth, yield, quality and physiological responses of two stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni) varieties in Rabat region, Morocco
 

Abderrahmane Benhmimou1*, Mohammed Ibriz1, Chaouki Al Faïz2, Fatima Gaboun2,

Naima Shaimi2, Fatima Zahra Amchra3, Mounira Lage2

1Genetic and Biometry Lab, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, P.O. Box 133, 14000, Kenitra, Morocco

2Regional Center of Agricultural Research, P.O. Box 6356, Avenue Mohamed Belarbi Alaoui, 10101 Rabat, Morocco

3Laboratory of Materials, Environment and Electrochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, P.O. Box 133, 14000, Kenitra, Morocco

Abstract

Since no information is available about the response of stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni) to water stress under Moroccan conditions. This study was aimed at evaluating the effects of water stress on growth, yield, quality and physiological responses of two stevia varieties (Canada and Candy). Three water regimes were applied: R100 (100% of field capacity (FC)), R80 (80% of FC) and R50 (50% of FC) as determined by pot weight. Water stress significantly reduced stomatal conductance (Gs), photosynthetic rate (A) and transpiration rate (E) by 72.50%, 78.54% and 74.45 % at R50, respectively as compared to R100. With the continuing of water stress time, plant allocated less plant height leading to reductions of 20.27% at R50 as compared to R100. All of the above responses led to reduced dry leaf yield. By contrast, the stevioside, rebaudioside A and total steviol glycoside contents were increased in R50 stevia leaves than R100 (23.58%, 13.50% and 11.73%, respectively). The cv Candy displayed a higher dry leaf yield (34.33 g/plant) and leaf physiological responses compared to cv Canada, which experienced a great decrease. By contrast, the cv Canada recorded a higher total steviol glycoside content (19.63%) than the cv Candy (12.63%). The interaction effects indicate that cv Candy, for R100, displayed a greater dry leaf and SG yields, while these parameters were greatly reduced under R80 and R50. By contrast, the cv Canada always showed a lower dry leaf and steviol glycoside yields and a greater total steviol glycoside contents, that enable it to have a better adaptation to water stress conditions. The variation of cv Canada and cv Candy responses to water stress suggested the higher adaptation of cv Canada to water stress compared to cv Candy.

Keywords: Stevia, Water stress, Steviol glycoside, Leaf physiological responses

Download PDF

FacebookTwitterEmailWhatsApp
 
     
 
 
 
Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology © 2017  
Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology is licensed under a 
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.