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Volume 5, Issue 2      April - June, 2017

Eco-Friendly Management of Pulse Beetle (Callosobruchus Chinensis) By Using Different Plant Materials
 

Rukhsana Kausar1, Muhammad Amjad Bashir1,*, Muhammad Shahid Nisar1, Muhammad Ishaq Asif Rehmani2, Muhammad Sadiq Hashami3, Sagheer Atta1

1Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ghazi University DG Khan, Punjab, Pakistan

2Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ghazi University DG Khan, Punjab, Pakistan

3Department of Economics, Institute of Southern Punjab, Multan, Pakistan

 

Abstract

 

Legumes (pulses) are ancient crops of the Sub-continent, Middle East and various parts of the Africa. These provide high quality protein and considered to be the best food for vegetarian population in India, South Asia, West Asia and Southern European countries. Chickpea is valued for its nutritive grains with high protein content of 25-29%. These grain legumes are, however, susceptible to different species of beetles of the family Bruchidae in storage commonly known as Dhora. At current, insect manage procedures frequently rely on synthetic insecticides and fumigants. Other than substance safety actions may be result as like numerous severe drawbacks. Insecticides have wide and unsystematic application causes natural imbalance confrontation to insect, insect recovery and epidemic of secondary insect creates phyto-toxicity. Insecticide residues in diet and nourish. Furthermore, non-stop use of insecticides leads to harmful result on insect pollination, biological agent like different Predators, parasitoids and too become cause of the ecological contamination. Owing to these drawbacks, internationally scientists are annoying to approve substitute methods of insect manage. The make use of close by obtainable native place resources in the management of harmful insects are a primeval technology.  Now in modern world, in numerous parts of the earth a range of crop of vegetation have been tried lately by researchers with an elevated amount of achievement as granule. Protestants next to pulse beetle to decrease plague in storage space. Observance these views in brain, the in attendance learning was conducted to examine the pesticide efficiency of a number of native botanicals powders as granule protestant next to Callosobruchus. chinensis legumes grains. Reviewed shows that different plant material which are friendly with ecosystems have significant results against pulse beetle and serve as an alternative methods for the pest control.

KeywordsDhora beetle; pulse beetle; pest management; environment friendly pest control

 
     
 
 
 
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