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Volume 6      Special Issue-2018

Dental caries and its associated factors among children aged 8-12 years in Libyan schools, Klang Valley, Malaysia
 

Aisha A. Abuaisha2, *Huda B.Z1

1Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 434000 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

2Masters of Science Candidate, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 434000 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

 

Abstract

Background: Dental caries is a serious public health problem worldwide. Prevalence of dental caries among school children has increased in both developed and developing countries since the last few decades.

Objective: To determine the association of dental caries with socio demographic factors among Libyan school children aged 8-12 years in Klang Valley, Malaysia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three Libyan primary schools in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Five hundred and seventy children aged 8-12 years participated. They were randomly selected using proportional stratified sampling method. Dental caries was assessed using the WHO (1987) criteria.

Results: Response rate was 92.5%. The prevalence of dental caries was (55.8%), females have higher dental caries than males. Dental caries was found highly prevalent among; children their aged ≤10 years (64.7%), children whose father and mother have a job (58.5% and 58.7%) respectively, children whose father and mother have elementary level of education (69.6% and 61.0%) respectively. Chi square test showed significant association of dental caries with age group and father’s education level. Logistic regression analysis identified young age (OR=11.78, 95% Cl: 2.305 -26.276) was significant predictor of dental caries among children.

Conclusions:  Younger children are at higher risk of having dental caries in this study. Health education should be emphasized among younger Libyan school children.

Keywords: Dental Caries, primary school children, oral hygiene habits.

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