Asian J Agric & Biol. 2019;7(2):214-223.

Correlation and path analysis studies of upland rice (Oryza sativa L.) collected from Pala-U village, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Thailand

Pantipa Na Chiangmai1*, Monnat Yamying1, Sivalai Thammachaisophis1, Warisara Phuththa1, Siraprapa Brooks2

1Faculty of Animal Sciences and Agricultural Technology, Silpakorn University, Phetchaburi IT Campus, Cha-am, Phetchaburi, 76120, Thailand

2School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Muang district, Chiang Rai, 57100, Thailand

Abstract

The decline in rice production experienced by ethnic minority (Pa-gha-ker-yor) farmers at Pala-U village, Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thailand, has multiple causes. The effect, however, is threatening the sustainability and well-being of the local populations. The objective of this study is to determine the relative yield and yield components of upland rice varieties collected from these farmers, both inside and outside of forested areas. Such information is then used to help determine the most promising breed varieties for future cultivation. Correlation and path coefficient analysis were conducted for yield, yield components, and related characteristics in seven genotypes of upland rice. The research was conducted during planting seasons in 2015 and 2016 in Prachuap Khiri Khan and Phetchaburi provinces, Thailand, respectively. Results show a significant positive correlation between grain yield hill-1 and seed number panicle-1.  Though non-significant, positive correlations were found between grain yield and four other criteria: panicle length, tiller number hill-1, plant height, and seed weight panicle-1. In 2015 and 2016, as for path analysis, grain yield hill-1 was directly influenced by factors either showed high positive effect such as: seed number panicle-1, panicle length, plant height and percent of grain filling, or high negative effect as 100 seed weight. Seed number panicle-1, percent of grain filling, seed weight panicle-1, and plant height were shown to have an indirect effect on grain yield hill-1. However, grain yield hill-1 was negative indirectly influenced through other characteristics by percent of grain filling. As such, seed number panicle-1, panicle length, and plant height demonstrated the greatest influence on yield may be considered as primary criteria, with percent of grain filling and seed weight panicle-1 qualifying as secondary criteria for high yield selection

Keywords: Upland rice, Indigenous varieties, Yield components, Correlation coefficient, Path analysis