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Volume 5, Issue 3      July - September, 2017

Bioefficacy of plant powders against Callosobruchus chinensis L. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) in infested chickpea grains
 

Asma Tariq1, Sumera Afsheen1*, Mobushir Hussain1, Ahmed Zia3, Syed Shakeel Shah2*,

Sabila Afzal2, Inamullah Khan4, Yousaf Hayat5

1Department of Zoology, University of Gujrat, Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan

2Department of Zoology, University of Gujrat, Sub-Campus Narowal, Pakistan

3National Insect Museum, National Agriculture Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan

4Department of Plant Protection, Agricultural University Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan

5Department of Statistics, Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan

 

Abstract

In this study we used dried leaf powders of five plants i.e., Syzygium cumini, Citrus limon, Momordica charantia, Eucalyptus globulus and Piper nigrum against Callosobruchus chinensis infesting chickpea seeds during storage. Free choice and no choice tests were conducted. Plant powders were applied at dose of 2% (w/w). Efficacy of all plant powders were compared by orientation, oviposition, adult mortality and adult emergence of the pulse beetle. Effect of plant powder on germination of seed was also observed by germination test. Leaf powder of M. charantia was found to be more effective while leaf powder of S. cumini was found to be least effective in adult mortality and oviposition deterrence. Furthermore, the results showed that leaf powders of all plants had no effects on germination of seeds.

 Keywords: Leaf Powders, Chickpea seeds, Seed viability, Pulse beetle

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Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology is licensed under a 
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