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Volume 7      Special Issue-2019

Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in the agricultural habitat in Indonesia
 

Yani Maharani1, Purnama Hidayat2*

1Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Padjadjaran University (UNPAD), Indonesia

2Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University (Bogor Agricultural University), Indonesia

Abstract

A considerable number of aphid species has been reported from the agricultural habitat in Indonesia by many authors, including those that regarded as important pests or even vectoring viruses. However, a complete record of all reported species is yet to be found. We conducted a literature study to determine aphid species that are associated with and become pests in the agricultural habitat in Indonesia. A total of 112 species are compiled, 24 of them are found on food crops, 50 on horticultural crops, 18 on estate crops, and 62 on weeds. Twenty-three species are reported as major pests of agricultural crops while 21 of them vector viruses. Two other species, Chaetosiphon fragaefolii Cockerell and Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas) are currently listed as the quarantine pests in Indonesia. These results suggest that holistic and detail studies on Indonesian aphids are necessary to provide the information to be considered in their management.

Keywords: Plant disease, Plant viruses, Sucking insect, Virus vector

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