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Volume 1, Issue 3      July-September, 2013

Crop stand and phenology of wheat as affected by integrated use of organic and inorganic fertilizers
 

Sajjad Khan1*, Shad Khan Khalil1, Amanullah1, Zahir Shah2

1Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan

2Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan

*Corresponding author: e-mail: agronomist_kpk@yahoo.com

 

ABSTRACT

Integrated use of organic and inorganic fertilizers play a vital role in the establishment of good crop stand and phenology. In this regard a field experiment was conducted at Livestock Research and Development Station, Surezai, Peshawar, for two crops seasons 2010-11 and 2011-12. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design with four replications. Experimental treatments consisted of poultry manure (2, 4 and 6 ton ha-1) farm yard manure (2, 4 and 6 ton ha-1) and nitrogen (60 and 90 kg N ha-1). Eighteen different combinations of organic and inorganic fertilizers were applied to wheat crop. Poultry manure, farm yard manure and nitrogen significantly affected, leaves tiller-1, plant height, spike length and days to maturity. Higher leaves tiller-1, plant height and more days to maturity was observed with application of 6 tons poultry manure, 6 tons farm yard manure ha-1 and 60 kg N ha-1, while poor crop stand and phonological characteristics were observed in control plots. Good crop stand and phenological characteristics were observed with integrated application of organic and inorganic fertilizers. It is concluded that a combine dose of 6 ton poultry manure, 6 tons farm yard manure ha-1 and 90 kg N ha-1 is recommended for good crop stand and phenology in wheat.

 

Keywords: Wheat crop stand, Phenology, Poultry manure, Farm Yard Manure, Nitrogen

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